The development trend and characteristics of the organic pigment industry.
(1) The world's organic pigment industry is shifting to Asia, and China has become the world's largest producer and exporter of organic pigments.
Due to the increasing environmental protection requirements and rising labor costs of developed countries, as well as the increasing competitive pressure from emerging Asian economies, dyeing and pigment companies in developed countries continue to shrink their local production scale.
After the 1980s, the world's organic pigment production gradually shifted from Europe and the United States to low-cost Asian countries such as China and India. Multinational companies also produce high-performance organic pigments with high economic value added by purchasing dyeing, pigment intermediates and semi-finished products in the above-mentioned countries and regions. China, India and other countries, with its abundant resources, low human capital and complete downstream industries, have absorbed the advanced manufacturing technologies and technologies while promoting the production capacity of developed countries, and promoted the rapid development of the local dyeing and pigment industries. development of. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, with the advancement of China's traditional industry mergers and acquisitions, dye companies accelerated the pace of restructuring, optimizing resource allocation, optimizing product lines, reducing operating costs, increasing capacity utilization, and promoting independent brand development. Significantly enhanced, China has become the world's largest producer and exporter of organic pigments. The “13th Five-Year Plan” of the coatings industry pointed out that the total economic output of the coatings industry is expected to grow steadily, with an average annual growth rate of 6.5% for the total output value. The total output value of the coatings industry is expected to increase to about 560 billion yuan in 2020; 5% growth calculation, by 2020, the total output of the coatings industry is expected to grow to about 22 million tons; by 2020, the number of paint manufacturers with sales of more than 5 billion yuan will reach more than 10, with sales of more than 2 billion yuan. There are 20 paint manufacturers; the top 50 paint manufacturers account for more than 50% of the total output; and cultivate 2 to 3 large-scale coatings groups with international sales exceeding 5 billion yuan.
(2) Restriction and prohibition of products containing toxic and hazardous substances
With the increasing awareness of environmental protection, people's safety and environmental protection requirements for dyeing and pigment products have also increased. The United States, Europe, Japan and other countries have established institutions to study the ecological safety and toxicology of dyes and pigments, specifically to understand and study the effects of dyes and pigments on human health and the environment, and to develop indicators for heavy metals in dyes and pigments. Developed countries such as Europe and the United States have already partially banned or restricted the use of pigments containing toxic and hazardous substances such as lead and chromium in paints and other products in the early 1990s. On June 1, 2007, the European Union began implementing the Regulations on Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals, REACH. According to the regulation, all chemical substances with an annual output or import volume exceeding 1 ton need to be registered in the EU, and chemical substances with an annual output or import volume of more than 10 tons should also be submitted to the chemical safety evaluation report; the EU will submit the The substance is evaluated to determine the risk to the health and environment of the chemical; to authorize the production and import of chemicals with certain hazardous characteristics and to which people are highly valued; and to manufacture, sell or use Health and environmental risks are not limited by the production and import of substances or their preparations that are not adequately controlled.
(3) Safety and environmental awareness promotes the rapid development of performance organic pigments
As more and more chemical components, especially harmful heavy metal components, are banned or restricted in dyeing and pigment products in developed countries, some classical pigments cannot be easily decomposed under high temperature conditions and produce possible carcinogens. Used in high-end or harsh environments, high-performance organic pigments are increasingly favored by companies for their good weather fastness, heat resistance, solvent resistance and migration resistance. Research institutions compete for research and production. Internationally renowned pigment companies have proposed the use of environmentally friendly benzimidazolone series of organic pigments to replace lead chrome yellow and molybdenum chrome in the field of outdoor coatings or to recommend the use of environmentally friendly macromolecular series of organic pigments in outdoor plastics. Both types of organic pigments contain no harmful heavy metals and unsafe chemical structures, and provide bright colors while ensuring good resistance. Both of these programs have achieved good response in relevant markets in developed countries.
(4) High-performance, environmentally friendly organic pigments are the future development trend
Classic organic organic pigments are more vivid in color, but their light resistance, heat resistance and other properties cannot reach the level required by the expanding application field. High-performance organic pigments exhibit superior physicochemical properties when used. They not only have the advantages of bright colors and high color strength of classic organic pigments, but also meet the light resistance, heat resistance and resistance in the fields of medium and high-grade coatings, inks and plastics. Higher performance requirements such as solvent properties have become a trend in the development of organic pigments. High-performance organic pigments have high research and development costs and high technical content, complex processes, long marketing cycles, but higher added value. At the same time, with the increasing awareness of human environmental protection, the downstream industries of organic pigments related to human contact are constantly placing higher demands on product safety and environmental protection. In Europe and the United States, there are increasingly higher requirements for organic pigments in terms of restricted substances list, product access in related industries, and relevant market access. The most widely affected chemical regulatory systems include EU REACH regulations and the EU. Toy Safety Regulations (EN71-3), EU Food Packaging Colorant Requirements (EuropeanResolutionAP(89) I), US TSCA Regulations and US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Food and Drug Regulations, and American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) F963-2003 standard, etc. The environmentally-friendly pigments have a significant reduction in substances that may be harmful to human health and the natural environment. The “green barriers” in Europe and the United States have on the one hand improved the technical barriers and trade barriers of organic pigments; on the other hand, promoted environmentally friendly organic pigments. The development of new technologies and new products, the demand for environmentally friendly organic pigments continues to grow.
(5) Developed countries become the main market for organic pigments
Developed countries such as the United States and Europe are the major consumers of organic pigments in the world. As the world's largest economy, the United States has been the world's largest consumer of organic pigments for many years, and it is also the largest export target of organic pigments in China. In addition to the United States, China's main export destinations of organic pigments include the Netherlands, Germany, Japan and other economically developed countries and regions. Mainly because: on the one hand, the per capita income level of developed countries or regions is relatively high. Organic pigments, especially high-performance organic pigments, are more expensive than ordinary inorganic pigments due to their complicated production process and high production cost. They have a wider customer base in areas with strong economic strength. On the other hand, Developed countries or regions have higher environmental protection and safety awareness, and related laws and regulations are more stringent. Some pigments containing toxic and harmful substances have been banned or restricted, so people are beginning to turn to high-performance organic pigments with excellent performance. Product.
(6) High-performance organic pigments have the characteristics of diverse products and relatively small production volume.
As a branch of fine chemicals, high-performance organic pigments are characterized by a wide variety of products, which are suitable for the market with relatively fine products and relatively small output of individual products. High-performance organic pigments can be divided into a series of benzimidazolone, macromolecules, etc. The heat resistance and light resistance of each series of products are not the same, and the main colors are also different. For example, the main color of DPP series pigments is red, and The main color of the benzimidazolone series pigments is yellow and orange. The color of the same series of different colors in the same series is also different. For example, the benzimidazolone series of yellow pigments can be divided into 8 different colors depending on the chromatogram, from green yellow to red yellow. In addition, depending on the environment in which the product is used, the manufacturer will produce different dosage forms by adjusting the physicochemical properties of the pigment. The physical properties of the organic pigment mainly include the molecular lattice of the organic pigment, the crystal state, and the like. The dosage form of organic pigment refers to the pigments of a certain chemical structure through different pigmentation processes or surface treatments to prepare pigments with different special application properties (such as high tinting strength, high transparency, etc.), which can be considered as existing Deep processing of products to improve product performance and expand product applications. In foreign countries, the ratio of the number of chemical structures of organic pigments to the number of commercial dosage forms is above 1:20, while this proportion is lower in China.